Ex-Royal Navy lieutenant-commander Duncan Lustig-Prean, former RAF nurse Jeanette Smith and two other ex-servicemen had been subjected to intrusive investigations into their private lives and were then sacked after their employers discovered their sexuality. They relied on human rights law to challenge the blanket ban on gay men and women serving in the armed forces.
The European Court of Human Rights said
that their human rights to privacy had been breached and they had been discriminated against when they had been fired because of their sexuality. The armed forces immediately stopped the practice, and within months of the ruling, and government had amended the law